Reasons for Obesity

Obesity directly or indirectly related to hypertension, diabetes, ischemic heart disease, osteoarthritis, etc.

Obesity can be defined as an excess of body fat that posses as health risk.

According to Ayurveda, sthoulya persons having the complaints of excessive accumulation of medo and mamsa dhathu, increased appetite, thirst, body odour, general weakness of the body, difficulty to breath, hypersomnia, excess perspiration, etc.

Udwarthanam is daily indicated.  It reduces kapha, vatha and excess accumulation of medo dhathu.  It increased brajaka pitha and so can be useful in many type of skin diseases.  It is very much beneficial for angasthaireekarana.  So used as a specific treatment for sthoulya.



As increase in body weight of 20% above normal, caused by excess accumulation of fat is defined as obesity.

A person affected with obesity develop such symptoms as shortness of breath, thirst, ravenous appetite, excessive sleep, perspiration, fetid odour in the body, wheezing sound in the throat during sleep or sudden suspension of breath, inert feeling in the limbs, dullness of heaviness of the body and indistinct speech.

BMI (Body Mass Index) = body weight ion Kg/ height in meter square.

Up to 25 normal.

Obesity = 30 or more in males and 28.6 or more in females.



  1. Hypertrophic (adult onset) obesity
  2. Hypo plastic (life long) obesity



  1. excessive consumption of food
  2. endocrine causes
  3. physical activity
  4. genetic factors
  5. socio economic status
  6. age
  7. sex
  8. alcohol


Complication of obesity

  1. effects of increased weight
  2. dermatological complications
  3. cardio vascular symptoms
  4. respiratory system
  5. gastrointestinal complications
  6. metabolic complications
  7. psychological abnormalities
  8. Gynaecological complications

Being a little over weight, in itself is not a disease but it can be lead to other problems viz. high blood pressure, arthritis, diabetes etc.  Therefore it is very necessary for us to maintain an ideal weight, according to the individual’s body structure.  Moreover due to the change in life style / patterns, we eat foods which are rich in calories than the requirement of the body.  The energy for this muscular activity can be either obtained from free glucose in the blood, or from the reserve source of energy viz. the stored fat around the respective muscles.  However the body also consumes energy during the resting period, this is known as “REST MATABOLISM”.  As burning up of calories is directly proportional to the active use of our muscular system, we have adopted a unique way to utilize these fat, stored in our body in the form of triglyserides.  These triglycerides (concrete layers) are simply loosened out first; simultaneously the fat is broken down into glycerol and free fatty acids by Ayurvedic Medicines and utilized by passive exercise treatment.

It has recently been discovered that according to world’s foremost nutrition experts, there are certain areas of the brain’s hypothalamus, (actually controls a person’s appetite and satiety) which do not function properly without sufficient muscles exercise.  At very low levels of activity, appetite doesn’t decline sufficiently, and you tend to consume more calories than you can burn.  When the body’s muscular system is being exercised properly, the hypothalamus regulates your intake of food in a balanced manner, so that your body consumes just the right amount of calories.

Over the years, the following four non-surgical methods have been developed for reducing fat accumulated in the body.

  1. Controlled Diet
  2. Strenuous Physical Exercise; e.g. Yoga, Aerobics etc.
  3.  Medication
  4. Passive Exercise

The treatment of the obesity is extremely important for the people who are suffering from the Heart Diseases, Diabetes, Arthritis, Spondylities, Back pain, Infertility, Hyperthyroidism and especially for the ladies to cure the post pregnancy stretch marks (flab).


Balanced weekly food plan

Food, water & air are the basic needs of every human being.  Ayurveda has very strong monitoring & counseling sessions to achieve permanent change in dietary habits.  Besides the qualitative support, complete care is taken to provide right percentage & quantity of calories from carbohydrates, proteins and fats.  Instead of empty calories foods, if you switch over to low calories foods, that enhance the intake of fiber, vitamins, minerals & anti-oxidants nutrients, improves the BMR, and also protects your body against oxidative damages.

There is no doubt that a controlled and well balanced diet is essential for everyone.  As per the principle the calorific value of the food consumed must be less than the calories burnt by the body during the daily activities that is called creating a negative calorie balance.


Advantages of Balanced Diet

A well-balanced diet contains a sufficient supply of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, salts and minerals.

A well-balanced diet is a remarkable asset in maintaining the mind in a perfect state of health and equilibrium, within a body of uniform proportions and perfect fitness.



  1. Medical management
  2. nutritional approaches
  3. total starvation
  4. anorexigenic and other drugs in obesity management
  5. exercise
  6. role of social & psychological participant
  7. Surgical management
  8. intradental fixation
  9. jejuno ileal bypass

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